Do you want to pursue a career in the field of law?
If yes, then you are at the right place to get detailed information about it.
So first of all we know some basic information about the law.
Major kinds of law
Law is the system of rules which a particular country or community recognizes as regulating the activities of its members and which, it may enforce by the imposition of penalties.
In India, there are four major kinds of law. Their existence prevails to maintain peace, deliver justice, and providing norms that determine how the civilization function. The four prominent aspects of the law are:-
1. Civil Law:-
The civil law is the formation and execution of certain rules and regulations, judicial convention, and legitimate authority for resolving conflicts between selves or associations, over a non-criminal action. This law was formed to provide reimbursement or compensation to the casualty and accordingly punish the individual responsible for the damage. Most of such cases subsist in the province of real estate, sports, contract, entertainment, tax, education, business, and administrative law.
Common-law is also known as case law and it is a body of unwritten laws. Most often the judges of the court, come across cases which are
unusual than the rest of them. In such cases, common laws are constituted by the judicial administrations and public juries with the help of their institutionalized viewpoints and understanding of the situations.
3. Criminal Law:-
The criminal law surmises the fraction of the legal system which is liable for redressing the people who have committed a criminal act. The police are accountable and responsible for the investigation of the breach of any criminal law.
4. Statutory Law:-
Statutory law, in simple words, is the will of the legislation and it refers to the written laws enacted by the legislative record. Contrary to the common law, statutory laws are generally constructed by the courts.
Career Classification in Law with Salary
In every profession, the relatively dominant norms are legitimate benchmarks. The law accommodates nearly every domain that one can think of. This boosts the employment classification for the law proprietors and for those who aspire to become one of them.
The career classification in the field of law is summed up into five major categories and they are summarized below.
1. Practicing Lawyer:-
A practicing lawyer, in the simplest way, is the person whois involved in the practice of law like giving advice to clients, drafting legal documents, representing clients in court proceedings, and legal negotiations, and filing lawsuits. This is the typical lawyer job. The domain of the practice of law can differ according to the grades and qualifications of the practitioner. The practicing lawyer can work under a well-established senior lawyer and after a few years of experience, he/she can start his/her own law firm. Starting a firm means becoming an entrepreneur which means the qualification of a lawyer is not enough. Hence, along with the basic law degree, one should also possess a CS degree.
The payor income of a practicing lawyer who has just graduated is somewhere near Rs.5-10 lakh or Rs.10-18 lakh per year. The income increases with the increase in the years of practice and experience.
2. Government Jobs:-
Thegovernment jobs or services are desired by most as it offers a sense of security and assurance for the future. Government jobs in the field of law are enumerated below.
Public Prosecutor:- A public prosecutor is appointed by the State Government in every district to make appeals, judicial proceedings, or prosecution in the High Courts or for the State Government or the Central Government. One has to be a lawyer first to be able to become a public prosecutor. Hence, it can be said that a public prosecutor presents the case of the suspected criminal in case the private prosecutors deny to do so. On average, a public prosecutor can earn somewhere near Rs.49,000 per month.
Additional Public Prosecutor:-Two or more Additional Public Prosecutors are needed to be appointed in every district according to Section 25 of the Code of Criminal Procedure. They are appointed by the government for administering the trial of the accused in the court and hence they work as full-time government servants. On average, the annual income of an assistant public prosecutor is around Rs.10 lakhs.
Judiciary:- The judiciary is a constitutional body that safeguards the interest of the nationals. The Indian judiciary council is divided into three main divisions. The highest judicial body is the Supreme Court, then the High Court and then there is District Court. The progression of the lawyers brings in the shift in their positions and after a few years of practicing law they are appointed as judges and magistrates for these renowned courts. The income of the justice providers in the Supreme Court and the High Court ranges near Rs.2,50,000 per month. The salary of the District Court judges is in between Rs.77,000-Rs, 1,44,000 per month.
Legal officers:- Legal officers are the persons appointed to function at the various departments or organizations controlled by the state or the central government. They are responsible for the management of various legal activities of the Public Sector Undertakings (PSU) which include dealing with the legal procedure, patents, and related tasks. The salary of a legal officer is somewhere between Rs.30,000-Rs.40,000 per month.
Legal Advisors:- Some government financial institutions mandate the appointment of legal advisors. A legal advisor advises the associations in making various legal decisions and making sure that their client does not face any issue about the legitimate formalities. Not only experienced but fresher are also employed as legal advisors by the government these days. The government employed legal advisors to earn somewhere near Rs.5,91,000 per year.
Civil Services:- The individuals striving to become the officials of the civil services can pursue their goals by enrolling themselves as law students. The candidates who hold a law degree Reagan adorn advantage. They can choose any one of their law paper while appearing in the UPSC exams. This increases the prospects of the candidate to clear the exams. The civil service officers like IPS, IAS, IFS officials receive a good amount of salary and it can range between Rs.50,000-Rs.2,00,000 for the distinct statuses.
3. Private Sector:-
Amongst the above-mentioned government jobs, there are certain occupations that prevail not only in the public sector but also in the private sector. Private sector banks also appoint legal advisors to look after the legalities in the loan sanctions or relation to loans put up with. Although the pay is not as promising as that of government banks, the legal advisors in private financial institutions earn somewhere around Rs.29,000- Rs.30,000 per month.
There is also an option of becoming a Corporate Lawyer. The large companies or firms go through a bunch of transactions every hour and then there are mergers, acquisitions, issue of shares, and a lot many activities which require a professional in such legal activities. Hence, the private corporations are ready to pay somewhere near Rs.1 lakh per month for the assistance of a legitimate.
4. Legal Process Outsourcing:-
The terms such as Business Process Outsourcing is familiar to most of the individuals which means outsourcing a part of the business to other companies that offer such services. The same gets on in Legal Process Outsourcing. In the present date, there are many Legal Process Outsourcing (LPO) companies that are appointing the fresh and multi-talented law students of various institutions from different parts of the country as well as many other countries. Such companies in India, allot the work received from the companies of different countries amongst the newly appointed law graduates. This is a growing field in India as the proportion of cost here is least for foreign clients. The employees of such companies can earn anywhere between Rs.3-7 lakhs per annum.
5. Law Professor:-
If one possesses the skills of explaining the most complex entities in a susceptible way, then he/she can pursue the career of a professor. The succession of knowledge is the greatest thing a teacher can offer. The qualification required for this profession is an LLB degree along with an LLM degree for any private institution. For government institutions, the educational qualification is not enough and one needs to clear the UGC and NET exams. Many well-renowned institutions offer exceptionally good packages of salary and on average, a law professor can earn somewhere near Rs.5-6 lakhs.
Educational Qualifications for Law Course
The most substantial and significant degree course in the department of law is LLB (Bachelor of Legislative Law) and LLM(Master of Laws). If one yearns for a career in the lawful arena then it becomes essential for him/her to refer to these courses. The LLB course for graduates and undergraduates is distinct and hence it is categorized into two parts.
BA LLB/ BSc LLB/ BCom LLB/ BBA LLB ( Undergraduates)
- 55%in 12th standard ( any stream, general category )
- 45% in 12th standard ( any stream, ST/ SC/ OBC )
- Course duration 5years
- Relaxation 8years ( in case of back papers )
- 10 semesters
- Age limit for enrolment 22years
LLB ( Graduates )
- 55% in graduation ( any stream, general category )
- 50% in graduation ( any stream, ST/ SC/ OBC )
- Course duration 3years
- Relaxation 6years ( in case of back papers )
- 6 semesters
- Age limit for enrolment under 30years
The National Law Universities permits the enrolment of a candidate in their institute only after they appear and clear the CLAT entrance examinations. These exams are conducted by several states for the selection and enrolment of a new batch of students every year.
In the previous year, out of the 39,686 students who registered for the CLAT exams, around 37,358 candidates had appeared the exams competing for only a minimum of 2252 seats.
Hence, the candidate needs to be thorough with the fundamental qualifying subjects like general studies, English, and mathematics. Apart from this, the individual should be committed to his/her educational sphere.
The academic charges are relatively high than one might expect. On average, the educational expenses for the LLB course can amount to Rs.2.47 lakh per year. The duration of the course can be either three years or five years. Based on the duration the total average amount can range between Rs.7.41-Rs.12.35 lakhs.
Top Law Colleges and Universities in India
The top law colleges and universities in India established by the government and regulated by the Bar Council of India and the Ministry of Law and Justice are enlisted below.
- National Law School of India University, Bangalore
- National Law University, Delhi
- Gujarat National Law University, Gandhinagar
- National Law School and Judicial Academy, Assam [Guwahati]
- NALSAR University of Law, Hyderabad
- National Law Institute University, Bhopal
- The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences, Kolkata
- National Law University, Jodhpur
- National University of Advanced Legal Studies, Kochi
- Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia National Law University, Lucknow
- Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Patiala
- Chanakya National Law University, Patna
- National Law University, Odhisa
- National University of Study and Research inLaw, Ranchi
- Maharashtra National Law University, Mumbai
- Maharashtra National Law University, Nagpur
- Dr. B.R. Ambedkar National Law University, Sonipat [Haryana]
Scope for Future
The application of the law is relevant and applicable in every domain. The existence of the legislation can never be obsolete. This ensures that the job opportunities are never-ending until human civilization prevails.